study guide unit 1

Question Answer
copperheads Northern democrats who sympathized with the south during the civil war.
emancipation proclamation Order announced by President Abraham Lincoln in 1862 that freed the slaves in areas rebelling against the Union, took effect January 1, 1863.
total war Strategy of fighting in which an army destroys its opponents ability to fight by attacking civilian and economic, as well as military targets.
war of atrittion Union general Grant's civil war strategy of fighting until the south ran out of men, supplies, and will.
amnesty An official pardon issued by the government.
black codes Laws passed in the southern states during reconstruction that greatly limited the freedom of former slaves.
carpetbaggers Northern republicans who moved to the south during reconstruction.
sharecropping Planters solved their problems with sharecropping.
War of Attrition Union general Grant's civil war strategy of fighting until the south ran out of men, supplies, and will.
Reconstruction acts agreement to settle the disputed presidential election of 1876, democrats agreed to accept republican Rutherford. Hayes as president in return for the removal of federal troops from the south.
Compromise of 1877 agreement to settle the disputed presidential election of 1876, democrats agreed to accept republican Rutherford. Hayes as president in return for the removal of federal troops from the south.
What killed more soldiers in the civil war than battle? Northern republicans who moved to the south during reconstruction.
What were Northerners called who sympathized with the South called? copperheads if they were in the south and if they worked in the north they were called scalawags
What is the Anaconda Plan? Union plan during the civil war for a naval blockade of the south, compared to an anaconda snake.
Who were the South relying on to help in the Civil War? ( 2 Countries in Europe) Senator John Crittenden's plan to resolve conflict between North and South by extending the Missouri Compromise line westward through the remaining
What is the Crittenden Compromise? Senator John Crittenden's plan to resolve conflict between North and South by extending the Missouri Compromise line westward through the remaining
What were Northerners called who sympathized with the South called? they were called copperheads
What were the Jim Crow Laws? Any laws that enforced racial segregation in the south between the end of reconstruction in 1877 and the beginning of the civil rights movement in the 1950s
Who led the South in the Battle of Shiloh? general Albert Sidney
What kind of ruler was George McClellon? (Reluctant or Brave) he was an reluctant ruler
What year did Congress allow African Americans to fight in the War? congress passed a bill authorizing equal pay for black and white soldiers in 1864
What stated that any slave living in a rebelling state was free? the united states
What was the 54th Massachusetts infantry? infantry regiment that saw extensive service in the union army during the american civil war.
Where did the South surrender? Appomattox
Who killed Abraham Lincoln? john Wilkes booth
What did the 13th Amendment do? abolished slavery in the united states

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