anatomy bones bones

Question Answer
articular cartilage covers and cushions joint surfaces
joint(synovial cavity) small space between bones that allows movement
articular (joint)capsule casing around ends of bones
synovial membrane secretes lubricant
menisci pads of fibrocartilage located between the ends of bones
ligaments bands of white fibrosis tissues
bursae pads formed of synovial mem filled with synovial fluid
synovial fluid lubricant found in knees and elbows
tendon sheath elongnated bursa wrapped around the tendon that is subject to friction
pivot joints uniaxial rotation of one bbone around its own axis
coudyloid biaxial movements around two perpindicular axis both surfaces are oval
saddle joint Biaxial each surface has both concave and convex areas (shaped like saddle)
Ball and socket joints Multitaxial (wide range of motion) allows freedom of movement Ex. shoulder and hip joints
Gliding / plane joints nonaxial (motion around one axis) one bone fits into grooveed surface of another

ucerify chapter 3

Question Answer
Transparency the ability to make any part of the image invisible so the page background shows through. The image thus appears to blend into the background.
Interlacing the ability for an image to render gradually as it downloads.
Animation a series of images appearing in sequence to create the effect of motion.
Compression lossless, unlike standard JPEG compression. Also, the compression used in the PNG format is not copyrighted, which has helped ensure developer and user agent vendor support.
Be succinct Limit words to clear, necessary verbiage, especially on the home page. Most users simply scan pages quickly looking for specific information or links to it. Let users navigate to additional pages if they want more information.
Make sure that each page focuses on one topic No tangent message, regardless of its importance, should be added to a page. Use links to point users to appropriate related topics on separate pages.
Divide the page into three sections Use the left side of the page for navigation, the upper section of the page for a topic title (as well as navigation), and the middle section of the page for the information.
Fixed-width layout also known as absolute positioning. Achieved by assigning specific pixel widths to elements using the HTML5 structural elements or the <div> tag.
Liquid layout also known as relative positioning. Achieved by assigning percentage values to elements. With this layout, the size of an element is flexible and will change dynamically depending on the size of the browser window
dithering The ability for a computer to approximate a color by combining the RGB values.
hexadecimal base-16 number system that allows large numbers to be displayed by fewer characters than if the number were displayed in the regular base- 10 system. the number 10 is represented as the letter A, 15 is represented as F, and 16 is represented as 10.
rule In a style sheet, a format instruction that consists of a specified selector and the properties and values applied to it.
sans-serif A font style that does not use decorative strokes at the tips of characters. Includes the Arial font family.
selector In a style sheet, any element to which designated styles are applied.
serif A font style that uses characters with small decorative additions at the outermost points of the characters, called strokes. Includes the Times and Times New Roman fonts.

Chapter 21 Absolute Monarchs in Europe

Question Answer
Who was Philip I and what did he do? King of Spain, defended the catholic church, increased wealth of Spanish empire
What is an absolute monarch? A king or queen who has unlimited power and seeks to control every aspect of society
What is the divine right? The idea that monarchs are God’s direct earthen representatives, and He is the only one they answer to
What condition is probably most necessary for a monarch to gain power? Why? For a monarch to become an absolute ruler, there had to be a decline of feudalism. The local rulers had to weaken for one person to centralize power.
What is the significance of England’s defeat of the Spanish Armada? The English defeating the Armada weakened Spain and allowed for more Europeans to go to the Americas.
Why did the Dutch revolt against Spain? The Dutch did not have much in common with their Spanish rulers, including a difference in religion.
Why did absolute monarchs believe that they were justified in exercising absolute power? Absolute monarchs believed that they had the divine right. They thought that they alone were the direct representatives of God, and that they didn’t need to answer to anyone except him.
What does the art described in this section reveal about the cultures of Spain and the Netherlands? In Spain, the focus was on religion and the monarchy. In the Netherlands, merchants, civic leaders, and the middle class were in the spotlight.
What role did religion play in the struggle between the Spanish and the Dutch? Philip II thought it was his duty to defend Catholicism and tried to crush Protestantism in the Netherlands.
How did the lack of a middle class contribute to the decline of Spain's economy? There were few business people to stimulate economic growth at home or to promote trade abroad.
What is the Edict of Nantes? a 1598 declaration in which the French king Henry IV promised that Protestants could live in peace in France and could set up houses of worship in some French cities.
Who was Cardinal Richelieu? Ruler of France, hard-working leader of the Catholic church in France.
What is skepticism? a philosophy based on the idea that nothing can be known for certain.
Who was Louis XIV and what did he do? Model of Absolute rule. The most powerful ruler in French history, he believed he and the state were one and the same. Built himself a palace.
What is mercantilism? A system of trade based on capitalism. Exporting more than importing, produce and sell one’s own product rather than buying someone’s.
What is an intendant? a French government official appointed by the monarch to collect taxes and administer justice.
Who was Jean Baptiste Colbert? Minister of finance, believed in and developed mercantilism
What was the War of Spanish Succession? a conflict, lasting from 1701 to 1713, in which a number of European states fought to prevent the Bourbon dynasty from controlling Spain as well as France.
Which events on your timeline strengthened the French Monarchy? Which weakened it? Strengthened – 1643 Louis XIV becomes king; 1661, Louis takes control of government. Weakened – 1701-1713, War of Spanish Succession
What impact did the French religious wars have on French thinkers? It turned the French thinkers toward skepticism.
How did Jean Baptiste Colbert intend to stimulate economic growth in France? He intended to stimulate economic growth in France with mercantilist policies to make France self-sufficient.
What was the result of the War of the Spanish Succession? France and Spain were not allowed to unite ; Britain gained Gibraltar; Austrian Hapsburgs took Spanish Netherlands.
Many historians think of Louis XIV as the perfect example of an absolute monarch. Do you agree? Explain why or why not. Agree- He controlled the economy, regulated worship, weakened the nobility, and built a magnificent palace to show his power.
How did the policies of Colbert and Louis XIV affect the French economy? Explain both positive and negative effects. Helped – built up and protected French industriesHurt – Drove out Huguenots and overspent on buildings and wars.
To what extent did anti-Protestantism contribute to Louis’s downfall? Cancelling the Edict of Nantes cost France many skilled workers, and wars against Protestant countries damaged the French economy.
Who was Charles I? Son of James I, next in line to rule; financial and political issues with parliament. Always at war with Spain and France; his popularity decreased by year
What was the English Civil War a conflict, lasting from 1642 to 1649, in which Puritan supporters of Parliament battled supporters of England’s monarchy.
Who was Oliver Cromwell? Abolished the House of Lords and the monarchy; put down a rebellion almost as soon as he took the throne. Started in the military then “co-ruled” with King Charles.
What was the Restoration? the period of Charles II’s rule over England, after the collapse of Oliver Cromwell’s government.
What is Habeas Corpus? a document requiring that a prisoner be brought before a court or judge so that it can be decided whether his or her imprisonment is legal.
What was the Glorious Revolution? the bloodless overthrow of the English king James II and his replacement by William and Mary.
What is a constitutional monarchy? a system of governing in which the ruler’s power is limited by law.
What is a cabinet? a group of advisers or ministers chosen by the head of a country to help make government decisions

Financial Markets

Question Answer
receipt showing that an investor has made an interest-bearing loan to the financial institution certificate of deposit (CD
monthly, quarterly, semiannual, or annual price paid for an insurance policy premium
fund that collects and invests income until payments are made to eligible recipients pension fund
the technique of spreading funds over a large number of investments to reduce the portfolio's overall risk diversification
formal contract to repay borrowed money and interest on the borrowed money at regular future intervals bond
principal of a bond or total amount borrowed par value
stated interest on a corporate, municipal or government bond coupon rate
bond’s annual coupon interest divided by purchase price; measure of a bond’s return current yield
exceptionally risky bond with a Standard & Poor’s rating of BB or lower that carries a high rate of return as compensation for the higher possibility of non-payment junk bonds
a type of investment, often tax exempt, issued by state and local governments; known as munis municipal bonds
low-denomination, non-transferable bonds issued by the federal government, usually through payroll savings plans savings bonds
United States government obligation with a maturity of 2 to 10 years Treasury notes
United States government bond with maturity of 30 years Treasury bonds
short-term United States government obligation with a maturity of 4, 13, 26, or 52 weeks and a minimum denomination of $100 Treasury bills
retirement account in the form of a long-term time deposit, with annual contributions not taxed until withdrawn during retirement Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs)
market in which financial capital is loaned and/or borrowed for more than one year capital market
a market in which financial capital is loaned and/or borrowed for one year or less money market
market in which only the original issuer can sell or repurchase a financial asset; government savings bonds, IRAs, small CDs primary market
market in which all financial assets can be sold to someone other than the original issuer; corporate bonds, government bonds secondary market
stocks that represent ownership shares in corporations equities
company that sells shares of a portfolio of securities, e.g., stocks and bonds issued by other mutual fund
the market value of a mutual fund share determined by dividing the value of the fund by the number of shares issued net asset value (NAV)
a tax-deferred investment and savings plan that acts as a personal pension fund for employees 401(k) plan
an index of 30 representative stocks used to monitor price changes in the overall stock market Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA)
an index of 500 stocks used to monitor prices on the NYSE, American Stock Exchange, and the OTC market Standard & Poor's 500 (S&P 500)
period during which stock market prices move up for several months or years in a row bull market
period during which stock market prices move down for several months or years in a row bear market
an agreement to buy or sell at a specific date in the future at a predetermined price futures contract
contract giving investors an option to buy or sell commodities, equities, or financial assets at a specific future date using a price agreed upon today option

Chapter 9

Question Answer
Epiglott(o) Epiglottis
Laryng(o) Larynx
Nas(o)/rhin(o) Nose
Palat(o) Palate
Pharyng(o) Pharynx
Sin(o)/sinus(o) Sinus
Alveol(o) Alveoli
Apic(o) Apex
Bronch(o)/bronchi(o) Bronchi
Lacrim(o) Tears
Lob(o) Lobe
Mediastin(o) Mediastinum
Phren(o) Diaphragm
Pleur(o) Pleura
Pneum(o) Lungs
Pneumon(o)/pulm(o)/pulmon(o) Lungs
Thorac(o) Chest
Trache(o) Trachea
Acid(o) Acid
Alkal(o) Alkaline
Ox(i) Oxygen
Phas(o) Speech
Phon(o) Voice
Spir(o) To breathe
-ation Process
-capnia Carbon dioxide
-pnea Breathing
-ptysis Spitting
Anthrac(o) Coal
Atel(o) Imperfect, incomplete
Coni(o) Dust
Embol(o) Embolus
Fibr(o) Fiber
Thromb(o) Thrombus
Meta- Change
-ptosis Prolapse
-stenosis Narrowing

szavak 25

Question Answer
nuisance (nyuszonsz) haborgatas, nyug
second thought (szout) vminek az atgondolasa, ujragondolasa
announce (onaunsz) kozze tesz, nyilvanossagra hoz
advertise (edvotajz) hirdet
unqualified teacher (ankvolifajd ticsor) kepesites nelkuli tanar
strick (sztrikt) szigoru
just (dzsaszt) igazsagos
competent (kompetent) hozzaerto
incompetent (inkompetent) hozza nem erto
industrious (indasztriosz) szorgalmas
keep up with lepest tart
disorganised (diszorganajzd) szetszort
learn sg by heart kivulrol megtanul vmit
handle (hendol) kezel
certificate of secondary education (szortifikeit af szekondori egyukeison) erettsegi bizonyitvany
chart (csart) tablazat
spoil, spoilt, spoilt (szpojl, szpojlt) elront, elkenyeztet
faint (feint) elajul
cought (kaf) kohog
hike (hajk) hegyet maszik
walk past sg elmegy vmi mellett
stick, stuck, stuck (sztik, sztak, sztak) ragaszt
envelope (enviloup) boritek
knock down / run over (nok) elut (auto)
wipe (uajp) megtorol
argument (argjumont) erv
suggestion (szadzseson) javaslat
raise / put a question kerdest tesz fel
point of view (point af vju) nezopont, szempont
bitterness (bitornesz) keseruseg

Chapter 8

Question Answer
Angi(o)/ vas(o)/vascul(o) Vessel
Aort(o) Aorta
Arter(o)/arteri(o) Artery
Arteriol(o) Arteriole
Cardi(o) Heart
Phleb(o)/ven(i)/ven(o) Vein
Venul(o) Venule
Endocardi(o) Endocardium
Myocardi(o) Myocardium
Pericardi(o) Pericardium
Atri(o) Atrium
Coron(o) Crown
Mediastin(o) Mediastinum
Ox(i) Oxygen
Pulmon(o) Lung
Sept(o) Septum, partition
Sin(o) Sinus
Steth(o)/thorac(o) Chest
Valv(o)/valvul(o) Valve
Ventricul(o) Ventricle
-ole Small
Rhythm(o) Rhythm
De- Down, from, reversing
Aneurysm(o) Aneurysm
Ather(o) Yellowish, fatty plaque
Embol(o) Embolus
Aden(o) Gland
Adenoid(o) Adenoids
Lymph(o) Lymph, lymphatics
Lymphaden(o) Lymph node
Lymphangi(o) Lymph vessel
Lymphat(o) Lymphatics
Splen(o) Spleen
Thym(o) Thymus
Tonsill(o) Tonsil

OCES 4th BOB Practice Questions

Question Answer
In which book did a character learn a sailor’s lingo? Basil of Baker Street by Eve Titus p.10
In which book did a character have to sign so many autographs that his writing muscles cramped? Basil of Baker Street by Eve Titus p.56
In which book did a character give wet, sticky kisses? Basil of Baker Street by Eve Titus p.82
In which book is there a naming ceremony? Brambleheart by Henry Cole p.2
In which book does the main character accidentally start a fire in one of his classes? Brambleheart by Henry Cole p.42
In which book does a character fall into the river? Brambleheart by Henry Cole p.59
In which book does the character feel like the room is upside down? Dory Fantasmagory by Abby Hanlon p.36
In which book does the character pretend to be a dog? Dory Fantasmagory by Abby Hanlon p.76
In which book does the character stab a lollipop into the doctor’s thigh? Dory Fantasmagory by Abby Hanlon p.95
In which book did a character throw up? El Deafo by Cece Bell p.2
In which book does a character go to the hospital? El Deafo by Cece Bell p.3
In which book does a character always wear a swimsuit? El Deafo by Cece Bell p.13
In which book does a character think they have been reincarnated? Gooseberry Park by Cynthia Rylant p.10
In which book does a character have a hermit crab? Gooseberry Park by Cynthia Rylant p.14
In which book does a dog chew the leg on the coffee table? Gooseberry Park by Cynthia Rylant
In which book did a criminal steal suit cases? I Survived the Great Chicago Fire, 1871 by Lauren Tarshis p.17
In which book did a boy wear a fancy lady hat? I Survived the Great Chicago Fire, 1871 by Lauren Tarshis p.50
In which book did the main character swim in acid like water? I Survived the Great Chicago Fire, 1871 by Lauren Tarshis p.82
In which book does a character lie about killing somebody? Into the Wild by Erin Hunter p.43
In which book do characters meet at a large rock? Into the Wild by Erin Hunter p.98
In which book does a character attack his old friend? Into the Wild by Erin Hunter p.126
In which book does the character invent a balloon? The Case of the Missing Moonstone by Jordan Stratford p.4
In which book did the character yell “you’re impossible?” The Case of the Missing Moonstone by Jordan Stratford p.13
In which book do the two main characters go to Newgate prison? The Case of the Missing Moonstone by Jordan Stratford p.110
In which book did a character move to Chicago? The Friendship Garden: Green Thumbs-Up! By Jenny Meyerhoff p.1
In which book did a character’s Father say egg-cellent? The Friendship Garden: Green Thumbs-Up! By Jenny Meyerhoff p.22
In which book does a character sing/talk to his/her plants? The Friendship Garden: Green Thumbs-Up! By Jenny Meyerhoff p.24
In which book did a character hide in the bathroom to get out of gym class? Who is Jeff Kinney? By Patrick Kinney p.22
In which book did a character’s younger brother sell someone else’s art work? Who is Jeff Kinney? By Patrick Kinney p.27
In which book was there a giant new balloon in the Thanksgiving Day parade? Who is Jeff Kinney? By Patrick Kinney p.82

value lab

Question Answer
pH 7.35-7.45
PCO2 33-45 mm Hg
PO2 75-105
Bicarbonate HCO3 22-28
Potassium (K+) 3.5-5.0 mEq/L
Sodium (Na+) 136-145 mEq/L
Chloride (Cl–) 95-105 mEq/L
Calcium, serum (Ca2+) 8.4–10.2 mg/dL
Cholesterol, serum <200 mg/dL
Creatinine, serum 0.6–1.2 mg/dL
Magnesium (Mg2+) 1.5–2.0 mEq/L
Glucose, serum Fasting: 70–110 mg/dL2-h postprandial: < 120 mg/dL
Osmolality, serum 275–295 mOsmol/kg H2O
Albumin 3.5–5.5 g/dL
Hemoglobin, blood Male: 13.5-17.5 g/dLFemale: 12.0-16.0 g/dL
Leukocyte count 4500-11,000/mm3
Partial thromboplastin time ptt 25-40 seconds
Prothrombin time 11-15 seconds
Reticulocyte count 0.5%-1.5% of red cells
anion gap 10-15

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