Constitution exam Study for you Constitution test using these cards!

Question Answer
What form of government was the basis for the government created by the delegates at the Constitutional convention? A Republic
What is the main idea of the Preamble? To list the functions and reasons for the government as created by the Constitution.
Congress' main job is… (According to the actual Constitution) "All legislative powers…shall be vested in Congress"
What does a "bi-cameral legislature" or two house Congress allow for? – a house based on population- a senate with equal votes per state – a balance between large and small states
What are the steps in how a bill becomes a law? 1. Introduced in the House or Senate2. Discussed and voted on3. If passed, goes to Congress to be voted on.4. Bill is then passed by both House and Senate
What does the 8th amendment say? You cannot receive excessive bail or cruel and unusual punishment
Serving on a jury and voting in elections are both responsibilities of: American citizens
Once approved by Congress, what are the final steps a bill takes to become a law? Either:- the President signs it and it becomes a law OR- if the President vetoes the bill, the Congress can override the veto with a 2/3 majority vote.
How many states are needed to ratify, or approve any new amendment to the constitution? 38
What do the 15th 19th and 26th amendments have in common? The all deal with suffrage (voting rights)
Who's job in the state of Illinois serves a similar function to that of the U.S. President? Governor
The court system has the power of judicial review…what is this power? To look over laws and actions and decide if they are constitutional
The Bill of Rights (the first 10 Amendments) addresses the rights of who? The American people and the states
Where does the power "rest" or lie in "popular sovereignty?" The PEOPLE
Congress creating a draft to get soldiers during the Vietnam War is an example of what in the Constitution? The elastic clause ("necessary and proper law needed)
How are Senators and Representatives elected compared to the President? President: Electoral CollegeSenators & Representatives: people (voters)
What government body is responsible for determining the guilt or innocence in an impeachment trial? The Senate
If you are accused of a crime in Illinois, in what court would your case begin? Circuit court
Does the president have the power to impeach a federal official? No
Why is the Senate considered a more stable body than the House of Representatives? The senators serve longer terms (6 years) and the senate is a "continuous body."
What are the three main parts of the Constitution? The Preamble, the Articles, and the Amendments
What are the five freedoms provided for in the First amendment? Religion, speech, press, assembly, petition
In a federal case, who would be the first court to review your case if you were convicted in District court? Appellate court
Why does the state control things like ages for driving and drinking, but not the age to vote in a national election? -to keep the national government from becoming too powerful- because the Constitution gives satiates the power to govern themselves, but the US sets some laws for the whole nation.(Concept of federalism)
Why is the Constitution called the "supreme law of the land?" Because it is the highest form of law in the U.S. and federal law is higher than state law.
What is the purpose of our systems of having three separate branches of government? To prevent one branch from having too much power, to ensure equality among the branches, and to prevent corruption
The Executive Branch "executes" the law? What is another word for execute when used in this way? Carry out, enforce, apply
Why did the constitution give the congress the power to declare war, but make the President the Commander in chief? To help the military act quickly with one leader, to give Americans a say in such a big issue like war through Congress, and to keep the balance of power.
What are some powers of the President? To veto, to serve as commander in chief, to serve as the chief executive
The judicial branch "interprets" the laws. What does this mean? They are responsible to decide the meaning of laws.
How is the number of Electors each state gets determined? The number if senators + the number of House of Representatives it gets. I.e. Illinois gets 2 (senators) + 18 (House of Representatives) = 20 Electoral votes
What are some synonyms for amended? Changed, edited
What does the "right of assembly" in the first amendment mean? All groups have the right to assemble as long as they do so peacefully.
What is the one privilege you get in this country if you are a natural born citizen that you don't get if you are naturalized citizen? You can be President
What is the only government body that can introduce tax bills (revenue bills that raise money) The House of Representatives
What Illinois governing body serves the same role as the U.S. Congress? The General Assembly

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