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ActiveX Control A small app or add-on that can be downloaded from a web site along with a web page and is executed by a browser to enhance the web page.
Administrative shares The folders that are shared by default on a network domain that administrator accounts can access.
Administrators group A type of user group. When a user account is assigned to this group, the account is granted rights that are assigned to an administrator account.
anonymous users User accounts that have not been authenticated on a computer.
Authenticated Users group All user accounts that have been authenticated to access the system except the Guest account. Compare to anonymous users.
authentication server A server responsible for authenticating users or computers to the network so they can access network resources.
Backup Operators group A type of Windows user account group. When a user account belongs to this group, it can back up and restore any files on the system regardless of its having access to these files.
cloud computing A service where server-side virtualization is delegated to a third-party service, and the Internet is used to connect server and client machines.
community cloud Online resources and services that are shared between multiple organizations, but not available publicly.
data source A resource on a network that includes a database and the drivers required to interface between a remote computer and the data.
Everyone group In Windows, the Authenticated Users group as well as the Guest account. When you share a file or folder on the network, Windows, by default, gives access to the Everyone group.
file server A computer dedicated to storing and serving up data files and folders.
gpresult The Windows command to find out group policies that are currently applied to a system for the computer or user.
Group Policy A console (gpedit.msc) available only in Windows professional and business editions that is used to control what users can do and how the system can be used.
Guests group A type of user group in Windows. User accounts that belong to this group have limited rights to the system and are given a temporary profile that is deleted after the user logs off.
hidden share A folder whose folder name ends with a $ symbol. When you share the folder, it does not appear in the Network window or My Network Places window.
hybrid cloud A combination of public, private, and community clouds used by the same organization. For example, a company might store date in a private cloud, but use a public cloud email service.
IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service) A cloud computing service that provides only the hardware, which can include servers, storage devices, and networks.
inherited permissions Permissions assigned by Windows that are attained from a parent object.
Internet Options A dialog box used to manage Internet Explorer settings.
local share Folders on a computer that are shared with others on the network by using a folder's Properties box. Local shares are used with a workgroup and not with a domain.
Local Users and Groups For business and professional editions of Windows, a Windows utility console (lusrmgr.msc) that can be used to manage user accounts and user groups.
location independence A function of cloud computing whereby customers generally are not aware of where the physical devices providing cloud services are located geographically.
mapping The client computer creates and saves a shortcut, called a network drive, to a folder or drive shared by a remote computer on the network. The network drive has a drive letter associated with it, which points to the network share.
measured service When a cloud computing vendor offers services that are metered for billing purposes or to ensure transparency between vendors and customers
mstsc A command that allows you to start Remote Desktop Connection to remote in to your host computer using Remote Desktop.
name resolution The process of associating a character-based name with an IP address.
Network File System (NFS) A Windows component that is a distributed file system used to manage shared files on a network.
network share One computer (the client) on the network appears to have a hard drive, such as drive E:, that is actually hard drive space on another host computer (the server).
NTFS permissions A method to share a folder or file over a network and can apply to local uses and network users. The folder or file must be on an NTFS volume. Compare to share permissions.
on-demand A service that is available to users at any time. On-demand cloud computing means the service is always available.
Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) A technology that allows a client computer to create a data source so that the client can interface with a database stored on a remote (host) computer on the network.
PaaS (Platform as a Service) A cloud computing service that provides the hardware and the operating system and is responsible for updating and maintaining both.
permission propagation When Windows passes permissions from parent objects to child objects.
permissions Varying degrees of access assigned to a folder or file and given to a user account or user group. Access can include full control, write, delete, or read-only.
platform The hardware, operating system, runtime libraries, and modules on which an application runs.
Power Users group A type of user account group. Accounts assigned to this group can read from and write to parts of the system other than their own user profile folders, install applications, and perform limited administrative tasks.
principle of least privilege An approach where computer users are classified and the rights assigned are the minimum rights required to do their job.
print server Hardware or software that manages the print jobs sent to one or more printers on a network.
private cloud Services on the Internet that an organization provides on its own servers or established virtually for a single organization's private use.
proxy server A computer that intercepts requests that a browser makes of a server and serves up the request from a cache it maintains in order to improve performance on a large network.
public cloud Cloud computing services provided over the Internet to the general public. Google or Yahoo! email services are examples of public cloud deployment.
rapid elasticity A cloud computing service that is capable of scaling up or down as a customer's need level changes.
Remote Admin share Gives an administrator access to the Windows folder on a remote computer in a Windows domain.
Remote Assistance A Windows tool that allows a technician to remote in to a user's computer while the user remains signed, retains control of the session, and can see the screen. This is helpful when a technician is troubleshooting problems on a computer.
Remote Desktop Connection (RDC) A Windows tool that gives a user access to a Windows desktop from anywhere on the Internet.
resource pooling Cloud computing services to multiple customers that are hosted on shared physical resources and dynamically allocated to meet customer demand.
SaaS (Software as a Service) A cloud computing service whereby the service is responsible for the hardware, the operating systems, and the applications installed.
share permissions A method to share a folder (not individual files) to remote users on the network, including assigning varying degrees of access to specific user accounts and user groups.Does not apply to local users of a computer and can be used on an NTFS or FAT volume.
subscription model A method of licensing software with a paid annual subscription where the software is installed on your local computer.
Users group A type of Windows user account group. An account in this group is a standard user account, which does not have as many rights as an administrator account.
XaaS (Anything as a Service) An open-ended cloud computing service that can profide any combinations of functions depending on a customer's exact needs.

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