Cell structures

Cell membrane a phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface and acts as a barrier between the inside of a cell and the cell's environment
Cell wall A ridgid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provides support to the cell
Vacuole a space or vesicle within the cytoplasm of a cell, enclosed by a membrane and typically containing fluid
choloroplast a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place
mitochondria an organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur. It has a double membrane, the inner layer being folded inward to form layers
endoplasmic reticulum A system of membranes that is found in a cell's cytoplasm and that assists in the production processing, and transport of proteins and in the production of lipids
Nucleus In a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-bound organelle that contains the cell's DNA and that has a role in processes such as growth, metabolism, and reproduction
nucleolus a small dense spherical structure in the nucleus of a cell during interphase
lysosome a cell organelle that contains digestive enzymes
cytoplasm the material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding the nucleus
Ribosome A cell organelle composed of RNA and protein ; the site of protein synthesis

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *