anti-invective

Question Answer
anti-infective medications are commonly referred to as anitibotics
antibiotics are effective against many types of bacteria
antibiotics are NOT effective against any type of viral infection
for antibiotics to be effective against a bacterial infection they must be taken on time and until the (Rx) is completed
Rx prescription
if the antibiotic is not taken on time and/or the antibiotic Rx is not completed: 1. the infection can return2. the infection can develop a resistance to that antibiotic
bacteria are identified by using a staining technique called gram staining
bacteria that stain pink are called gram negative
bacteria that stain violet are called gram positive
antibodies effective against a variety of different types of bacteria are called broad spectrum antibiotics
some antibiotics can reduce the effectiveness of an influenza (flu) vaccination
sulfonamide antibiotics were first chemical substances systematically used to treat and prevent bacterial infections in humans
sulfonamide antibiotics are commonly referred to as sulfa drugs
sulfonamide antibiotics concentrate in the urine before excretion and are commonly prescribed to treat UTIs which stands for urinary tract infections
a medication classified as sulfonamide antibiotics include: sulfadiazine
a medication classified as sulfonamide antibiotics include: Ganstrisin
Ganstrisin aka sulfisoxazole
a medication classified as sulfonamide antibiotics include: Bactrim and Septra
Bactrim and Septra aka SMZ & TMP
SMZ & TMP : sulfamethoxazole & trimethoprim
Penicillin is abbreviated PCN
a medication classified as penicillin antibiotics: Amoxil and Trimox
Amoxil and Trimox generic name amoxicillin
a medication classified as penicillin antibiotics: Principen
Principen generic name ampicillin
a medication classified as penicillin antibiotics: Pfizerpen and Bicillin and Permapen
Pfizerpen and Bicillin and Permapen generic name penicillin
a medication classified as penicillin antibiotics: Ticar
Ticar generic name ticarcillin
a medication classified as penicillin antibiotics: dicloxacillin
a medication classified as penicillin antibiotics: nafcillin
a medication classified as penicillin antibiotics: oxacillin
a medication classified as penicillin antibiotics: piperacillin
a medication classified as penicillin antibiotics: methicillin
a medication classified as penicillin antibiotics: Augmentin
an infection caused by staphylococcus aureus is commonly treated with PCN antibiotics
PCN resistant bacteria produce an antagonistic enzyme against PCN is called penicillinase
MRSA methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus
MRSA is resistant to the following PCN antibiotics: methicillin, amoxicillin, penicillin, dicloxacillin, nafcillin, and oxacillin
MRSA usually does not cause infection for those with a healthy immune system
Risk factos for MRSA include: 1. DM2. CA3. AIDS4. the elderly 5. an open wound6. poor aseptic technique
a MRSA outbreak is CSMRSA community associated methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus
outbreak means pathology that suddenly occurs in unexpected numbers in a limited area and then subsides
the most effective technique to prevent transmission of MRSA is proper hand washing
streptococcus pneumoniae proliferation can cause an inflammation of : a/the lungs called- pneumonia
streptococcus pneumoniae proliferation can cause an inflammation of : a/the middle ear(s) OM- otitis media
streptococcus pneumoniae proliferation can cause an inflammation of : a/the air-filled cavity(ies) within the cranium called- sinusitis
streptococcus pneumoniae proliferation can cause an inflammation of : the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord called- meningitis
PRSP penicillin resistant streptococcus pneumoniae
cephalosporin antibiotics are structurally and pharmacologically related to PCN antibiotics
cephalosporin antibiotics cause bacterial septa to break down
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Duricef
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: cefadroxil
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Ancef
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: cefazolin
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Keflex
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: cehalexin
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Ceclor
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: cefaclor
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Spectracef
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: cefditoren
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Cefotan
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: cefotetan
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Mefoxion
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: cefoxitin
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Cefzil
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: cefprozil
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Ceftin
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Zinacef
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: cefuroxime
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Omnicef
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: cefdinir
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Maxipime
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: cefepime
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Suprax
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: cefixime
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Cefobid
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: cefoperazone
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Claforan
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: cefotaxime
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Vantin
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: cefpodoxime
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Tazicef
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Fortaz
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Ceptaz
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: ceftazidime
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Cedax
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: ceftibuten
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Rocephin
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: ceftriaxone
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: Zeftera
a medication classified as cephalosporin antibiotics: ceftobiprole
MRSA is resistant to cephalosporin antibiotics except Zeftera
Zeftera generic name ceftobiprole
a med. classified to prolong the therapeutic blood levels of penicillin antibodies and cephalosporin antibiotics is called probenecid
aminoglycoside antibiotics are commonly prescribed to treat UTIs which stands for urinary tract infections
a medication classified as aminoglycoside antibiotics: Garamycin
Garamycin generic name gentamicin
a medication classified as aminoglycoside antibiotics: Kantrex
a medication classified as aminoglycoside antibiotics: kanamycin
a medication classified as aminoglycoside antibiotics: neomycin
a medication classified as aminoglycoside antibiotic: paromomycin
a medication classified as aminoglycoside antibiotic: streptomycin
a medication classified as aminoglycoside antibiotic: TOBI
a medication classified as aminoglycoside antibiotic: Tobrex
a medication classified as aminoglycoside antibiotic: tobramycin
aminoglycoside antibiotics can cause: nephrotoxicity which can lead to RF- renal failure
aminoglycoside antibiotics can cause: ototoxicity which can lead to – hearing loss
aminoglycoside antibiotics can cause: ataxia- condition of no coordination
tetracycline antibiotics are broad spectrum antibiotics which means they are effective against a variety of different types of bacteria
a medication classified as a tetracycline antibiotic: tetracycline
a medication classified as a tetracycline antibiotic: Vibramycin
Vibramycin generic name doxycyline
a medication classified as a tetracycline antibiotic: oxytetracycline
a medication classified as a tetracycline antibiotic: demeclocycline
a medication classified as a tetracycline antibiotic: minocycline
a medication classified as a miscellaneous antibiotic: Zithromax Z-Pak
Zithromax Z-Pak generic name azithromycin
a medication classified as a miscellaneous antibiotic: Cipro
Cipro generic name ciprofloxacin
Cipro can lose effectiveness if combined with fruit juices
a medication classified as a miscellaneous antibiotic: Floxin
a medication classified as a miscellaneous antibiotic: Avelox
a medication classified as a miscellaneous antibiotic: Biaxin
a medication classified as a miscellaneous antibiotic: Levaquin
a medication classified as a miscellaneous antibiotic: E.E.S, Eryzole, Eryderm, Eryc and EryPed, Erythrocin, Ery-Tab, Pediazole
E.E.S, Eryzole, Eryderm, Eryc and EryPed, Erythrocin, Ery-Tab, Pediazole generic name erythromycin
erythromycin ophthalmic gtt are administered to treat bacterial STDs in the eyes of a NB which stands for newborn aka neonate
gtt drops
a medication classified as a miscellaneous antibiotic: Vancocin
Vancocin generic name vancomycin
Vancocin is commonly prescribed to treat infections caused by MRSA
VRSA vancomycin resistant staphylococcus aureus
VRE vancomycin resistant enterococcus
only 57 cases of occupational exposure has resulted in the HIV transmission since 1981
no confirmed cases of occupational HIV transmission to health care workers have been reported since 1999
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
the "window period" for HIV is 2 wks to 6 months
the "window period" is the time between exposure to the HIV and detection with a blood test
a person infected with the HIV can transmit the virus to the others during the "window period"
the average "incubation period" between exposure to the HIV and the appearance of AIDS is 2-10 years
Dx of AIDS occurs when the CD4 T lymphocyte count drops below 200mm3 (cubed)
Dx of AIDS occurs when pathogens take advantage of a weakened immune system called opportunistic diseases
opportunistic diseases associated with AIDS include: inflammation of a/the lungs called PCP (pneumoncystis carinii pneumonia)
AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome
opportunistic diseases associated with AIDS include: a pulmonary bacterial infection characterized by bronchial necrosis called tuberculosis (TB)
opportunistic diseases associated with AIDS include: a skin malignancy abbreviated KS- Kaposi's sarcoma
opportunistic diseases associated with AIDS include: herpetic stomatitis caused by HSV1
HSV1 – herpes simplex virus 1 aka cold sores (fever blisters)
opportunistic diseases associated with AIDS include: genital herpes caused by HSV2
HSV2- herpes simplex virus 2 genital herpes
opportunistic diseases associated with AIDS include: a fungal infection called- candidiasis (moniliasis)
a fungal infection called- candidiasis (moniliasis) which causes vaginal yeast infections and/or thrush (oral cavity)
Tx for viral infections includes antiviral medications to reduce the virus' ability to proliferate which means rapid reproduction
antiviral meds to treat the HIV and AIDS are called (highly active antiretroviral therapy)>> HAART
HAART meds are commonly given in combination called an "AIDS cocktail"
a HAART med classified as an antiviral to treat HIV/AIDS is called: Retrovir
Retrovir generic name zidovudine
Retrovir and zidovudine aka AZT
a HAART med classified as an antiviral to treat HIV/AIDS is called: Epivir
Epivir generic name lamivudine
a HAART med classified as an antiviral to treat HIV/AIDS is called: Sustiva
Sustiva generic name efavirenz
Sustiva and efavirenz aka EFV
a medication classified to treat HIV/AIDS is called Lithobid
Lithobid generic name lithium
Lithobid has a side effect (SE) of leukocytosis which means excessive WBC
a medication classified as an antiviral medication to treat HSV1 is called: Zovirax
Zovirax generic name acyclovir
a medication classified as an antiviral medication to treat HSV1 is called: Abreva
a medication classified as an antiviral medication to treat HSV2 is called: Zovirax
a medication classified as an antiviral medication to treat HSV2 is called: Valtrex
the aftereffect of VZV (chicken pox) infection is HZ herpes zoster
VZV (chicken pox) VZV (chicken pox)
herpes zoster aka shingles
a medication classified as an antiviral medication to treat HZ is called: Zovirax
a medication classified as an antiviral medication to treat HZ is called: Valtrex
a medication classified as an antiviral medication to treat influenza A+B is called: Tamiflu
a medication classified as an antiviral medication to treat influenza A+B is called: Relenza
a medication classified as an antiviral medication to treat influenza A+B is called: Symmetrel
dermatophytes can cause fungal infections of the integument
dermatophytosis means abnormal condition of dermatophytes
dermatophytes tend to proliferate outward on the skin producing a ring-like pattern called ringworm
dermatophytosis aka tinea
type of tinea: tinea corporis
tinea corporis aka body ringworm
tinea pedis aka foot ringworm or athlete's foot
tinea cruris aka groin ringworm or jock itch
tinea cruris can caused by a fungal infection called candidiasis which causes vaginal yeast infections and/or thrush
tinea capitis aka scalp ringworm
tinea unguium aka onychomyocosis
onychomyocosis abnormal condition of nail fungus
medications classified to treat dermatophytosis are called antifungals
a medication classified as an antifungal is called: Diflucan
Diflucan generic name fluconazole
a medication classified as an antifungal is called: Nizoral
Nizoral generic name ketoconazole
a medication classified as an antifungal is called: Fungizone
Fungizone generic name amphotericin B
a medication classified as an antifungal is called: Monistat
Monistat generic name miconazole
a medication classified as an antifungal is called: Vagistat
Vagistat generic name tioconazole
a medication classified as an antifungal is called: Mycelex
Mycelex generic name clotimazole
intravenous infusion (IV) means a therapeutic introduction of fluid within a vein
IV infusion rate orders are usually expressed in mL/hr milliliters per hour
the primary bag or bottle containing (IV) fluid, connecting tubing, and a flexible catheter inserted within a vein is called IV line
a small secondary bag/bottle of med connected to a primary (IV) is IVPB intravenous piggyback
IV fluid administered over several hours is called IV drip
IV tubing has rubber stoppers to inject meds called ports
a medication rapidly injected into IV port is IVP intravenous push
IVP is a loading dose or bolus
a very slow infusion of IV fluid designed to prevent coagulation of the IV catheter is KVO keep vein open
KVO is aka TKO to keep open
intermittent administration of IV meds and/or fluids through IV catheter without tubing or continuous infusion is called reseal or heparin lock
a computer that controls the amount of IV solution delivered is called infusion pump
a computer allowing a client to administer an IV analgesic as needed (prn) is PCA patient controlled analgesia
a catheter inserted into a peripheral vein and advanced to the superior vena cava for prolonged IV therapy such as antineoplastics is PICC (line) peripherally inserted central catheter
a catheter inserted into a large central vein for prolonged IV therapy such as hemodialysis is CL central line
intravenous fluids include: 1. D5W : dextrose 5% in water
intravenous fluids include: 2. D10W : dextrose 10% in water
intravenous fluids include: 3. D50W : dextrose 50% in water
the salts of the body are called electrolytes (lytes)
Electrolytes are 1. Na2. K3. Cl
Na sodium
K potassium
Cl chloride
intravenous fluids include: NS and NSS – normal saline solution
NS and NSS aka normal saline solution
normal saline solution aka 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl)
intravenous fluids include: 1/2 NS and 1/2 NSS
1/2 NS and 1/2 NSS one half normal saline solution
one half normal saline solution is 0.45% NaCl
intravenous fluids include: D5/NSS
D5/NSS aka dextrose 5% and NSS
intravenous fluids include: LR
LR or RL means lactated Ringer's orRinger lactate
intravenous fluids include: D5/RL
D5/RL means dextrose 5% with Ringer lactate
intravenous fluids include: complete nutrition provided IV is TPN : total parenteral nutrition
TPN aka hyperalimentation (hyperal)
TPN includes the administration of : 1. IV lipids2. amino acids3. electrolytes4. dextrose5. MVI
IV lipids aka intralipid or liposyn
amino acids protein
electrolytes salts
dextrose glucose
MVI multivitamin infusion
blood products are measured in {U} units
WB whole blood
whole blood contains: 1. erythrocytes2. leukocytes3. thrombocytes4. plasma
erythrocytes RBCs
leukocytes WBCs
thrombocytes platelets or clot cells
the liquid portion of the blood containing blood proteins and clotting factors called plasma
PRBC packed red blood cells
PRBC are concentrated numbers of RBC and very little plasma
FFP fresh frozen plasma
Dextran is plasma volume expander
Alb. means albumin
albumin blood protein
cryoprecipitate refers to plasma with clotting factors
cryoprecipitate is used to treat the genetic coagulopathy called hemophillia

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *