9-2 Science

Term Definition
Bacteria Single-cell organism that lack a nucleus ; prokaryote
Flagellum A long, whiplike structure that helps a cell to move.
Binary Fission A form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to form two identical cells.
Asexual Reproduction A reproductive process that involves only one parent and produces offspring that are identical to the parent.
Sexual Reproduction A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine their genetic material to produce a new organism, which differs from both parents.
Endospore A small, rounded, thick-walled, resting cell that forms inside a bacterial cell.
Pasteurization A process of heating food to a temperature that is high enough to kill most harmful bacteria without changing the taste of the food.

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